Dowgate
   A water-gate to the Thames near where the Walbrook entered the river. In Dowgate Ward.
   Earliest mention: "Duuegate." In charter of William I. 1067 (apparently forged, though probably of early date), confirming certain property to Westminster Abbey, mention is made of a wharf and land "apud duuegate" (Cott. Ch. VI. 3, B.M.).
   The port of "Duuegate" belonged to the men of Rouen in the time of King Edward the Confessor, as set out in a charter 1150-i (Cal. Doc. in France, ed Round, I. p. 32).
   In a charter of H. II. 1174-5, it is described as their "werfum" at "Duuegate" (ib. 34).
   Other forms : "Duuegate," 1236 (Anc. Deeds, A. 1716). "Douegate," 1271 (Ct. H.W. I. 10). "Douuegate," 22 Ed. I. (Ch. I. p.m. 22 Ed. I. 149).
   It appears from the Liber Albus I, 241, that the same customs were observed at "porta de Dowgate" as in "Ripa Reginae" (Queenhithe), and Stow argues from this that Dowgate was at one time a part of Queenhithe (S. p. 42). If, by this statement, he means that it was part of the royal demesne, he may be right, for from the foregoing charters, it appears that these early grants of Dowgate were all made by the king himself.
   There are frequent ordinances in the City records for the cleansing of Dowgate.
   The site is now occupied by Dowgate Dock (q.v.).
   It will be seen from the foregoing references that the usual form of the name in the 12th and 13th centuries was "Duuegate," "Douuegate," or "Douegate," and that the second "u" has been mistaken by Stow for an "n," giving the form "Downgate" or "Doungate," and he explains it as "so called of the sodaine descending or going down of that way from St. John's Church upon Walbrooke unto the river of Thames" (S. 41).
   This is obviously an error, but the name "Duuegate" or "Douegate" might be derived from an O.E. name "Duua," which is, however, of very rare occurrence.

A Dictionary of London. . 1918.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Dowgate — Coordinates: 51°30′40″N 0°05′20″W / 51.511°N 0.089°W / 51.511; 0.089 …   Wikipedia

  • Dowgate Dock —    South out of Upper Thames Street at No. 83 at Dowgate Hill to the Thames. In Dowgate Ward (P.O. Directory).    First mention: O. and M. 1677.    Other name : Dowgate wharf (Rocque, 1746).    See Dowgate …   Dictionary of London

  • Dowgate Wharf —    At No. 83 Upper Thames Street (P.O. Directory).    Between Greenwich Street and the Thames on the western boundary of Dowgate Ward, west of Dowgate Dock (O.S. 1880).    In Horwood, 1799 and the earlier maps Dowgate Wharf is further east,… …   Dictionary of London

  • Dowgate Hill —    South out of Cannon Street at No. 76 to No.167 Upper Thames Street (P.O. Directory). In Dowgate and Walbrook Wards.    First mention: Leake, 1666.    Former names : vicum Regium de Douegat, 1244 (Harl. Ch. 50, A. 13).    Street called Duuegate …   Dictionary of London

  • Dowgate Ward —    One of the twenty six wards of the City, lying between Walbrook Ward north, Candlewick and Bridge Within Wards east, and Vintry Ward west, and extending south down to the river.    First mention: Warda de Douegate, 3 Ed. I. (Rot. Hund. I. 421) …   Dictionary of London

  • Dowgate Stairs —    See Cousin Lane Stairs …   Dictionary of London

  • Conduit at Dowgate —    A conduit of Thames water made 1568 at the cost of the citizens, and called the Conduit upon Downgate (S. 231) at the upper end of Dowgate Hill. Shown in Leake, 1666.    An engine erected near to a house in Cosin Lane to convey the Thames… …   Dictionary of London

  • (St.) Olave next Dowgate —    Eight tenements in the parishes of St. Olave and All Saints next Dowgate, 35 H. VIII. (L. and P. H. VIII. D.S. XVIII. (2), p. 61).    It is difficult to know what this means, for the plural parishes would not be required if it were merely an… …   Dictionary of London

  • Le Bretask, Dowgate —    There was a house of this name in the parish of All Hallows the Less in Dowgate Ward mentioned in the Husting Rolls 62 (102) and 76 (262) (Cal. L. Bk. F. p. 1 note).    In 1334 Nicholas de Farndon gave it under the name le Bretasse in Thames… …   Dictionary of London

  • Chequer Lane, Dowgate Hill —    See Chequer Yard …   Dictionary of London

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