Goldsmiths' Company
   The fifth in order of the twelve Great City Companies.
   Existed as a Guild, apparently of foreign origin from a very early period, perhaps as the "Gilda Aurifabrorum."
   It is mentioned in 1180 as one of the adulterine guilds which had to pay a fine to the king.
   Incorporated 1327. Elections to the Mistery of the Goldsmiths made 1328 (Cal. L Bk. E. p. 232).
   The privilege of assaying and stamping all articles of gold and silver manufacture was reserved to them by charter, and as lenders of money they were the precursors of the great banking houses.
   The Company is very wealthy, and in addition to numerous other charitable works has endowed the Goldsmiths' Company's Institute at New Cross, a great educational centre.

A Dictionary of London. . 1918.

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