- Gray's Inn
- On the north side of Holborn, outside the City boundary, west of Gray's Inn Road. Gateway at No. 22 High Holborn.One of the Inns of Court, to which were attached Staple Inn and Barnard's Inn (q.v.).Identified with the old prebendal manor of Portpool, belonging to St. Paul's, and possessed in consequence of certain privileges and exemptions.It was in the possession of the de Greys as early as the 1 Ed. II., held under the D. and C. of St. Paul's, and continued in the family until 21 H. VII. (Ch. I. p.m.).It appears to have been let to students of the law at least as early as the 14th century, though the exact date of the first lease cannot be ascertained (Harl. MS. 1094, f. 75).In 10 H. VI. Thos. son of John Coventre was sent to "Greysyn" to be instructed under Richard Hungate, but for what purpose does not appear (Cal. L. Bk. K. p. 143).Divided into courts and chambers at least as early as temp. Elizabeth.Present hall erected 1555-60. Library founded in the 16th century. New building erected 1738, enlarged and remodelled 1841.New library built 1883. Gardens first planted 1597-1600.Comprises Field Court, Gray's Inn Square, and South Square within the precincts.Area 30 acres.Chapel supposed to occupy site of original foundation mentioned in grant to John de Grey, 1315 (Douthwaite, 144).Enlarged 1619. Repaired 1699.
A Dictionary of London. Henry A Harben. 1918.