(St.) Antholin


(St.) Antholin
   On the north-east side of Budge Row, near its junction with Queen Victoria Street and Watling Street. In Cordwainer Ward (O.S. 1880).
   Earliest mention: " St. Antonin," c. 1119 (H. MSS. Com. 9th Rep. p. 63).
   Other names and forms : " St. Antolin," 13 Ed. I. (Ch. Inq. p.m. (25)). " St. Antonji," 31 Ed. I. (Lib. Cust. I. 228). " St. Antony," 1350 (Ct. H.W. I. 634). " St. Auntelin," 14 Ed. III. (Cal. L. Bk. F. p. 43). " St. Tauntelyne," 7 Rich. II. (Cal. L. Bk. H. 225). " St. Anthony Boge rowe," 7 H. IV. (Anc. Deeds, B. 2042). " St. Antonin de Watlyng strete," 1402 (Ct. H.W. II. 352). " St. Antonin in Watlyngstrete," 1443 (ib. 500). " Antelyne in Bogerowe," 1500-21 (Arnold's Chr. p. 247). " St. Antonin de Walbrook," 1403 (Ct. H.W. II. p. 355). " Seynt Autolyns " (Arnold's Chr. p.77). " Antelyne in Bogerowe " (ib. p.247). " SeyntAncelyne " (Fabyan, p.296).
   In 1312-13 in a will proved in the Court of Hustings, mention is made of rents in the parish of " St. Antonin in Walebrok Street " (Ct. H.W. I. 236).
   It is difficult to identify this street, as no part of the present Walbrook is in the parish of St. Antholin.
   The earliest reference to the church occurs in the MSS. belonging to the D. and C. of St. Paul's, about 1119, when a dispute having taken place between William the priest " de sancto Antonino " and Derman as to their right to the church, they entered into a solemn compact not to do any injury to each other on account of the church, but to have it in common, one half to each, and they granted the church to the Canons of St. Paul, paying a rent of 12d. to the canons during their lives in recognition of the grant (H. MSS. Corn. 9th Rep. p.63).
   An inquisition was taken of the ornaments, etc., in the church in 1181 (ib. 68). Chapel of St. Anne and St. John Baptist annexed to it by John de Grantham, 1345 (Ct. H.W. I. 476). Church rebuilt by Thos. Knowles, mayor, 1400 (S. 109 and 252). Again rebuilt or enlarged by John Tate, mayor, 1514 (ib. 113).
   Repaired and beautified, 1616, for £900 (Strype, ed. 1720, I. iii. 15, 16).
   Burnt in the Fire and rebuilt, 1682 (ib. 17 and 18).
   Encroachments made on the site before the rebuilding of the church (ib.). Parish of St. John the Baptist Walbrook united to it after the Fire. Church finally taken down in 1874 and site, etc., sold for £44,990. Parish united to St. Mary Aldermary with St. Thomas Apostle and St. John the Baptist upon Walbrook. There is a representation of the church in stone at the corner of Budge Row to commemorate the site.
   A Rectory. Advowson belonged to Dean and Chapter of St. Paul's.
   Dedicated to St. Anthony, the Hermit, died 357 (Newcourt, I. 233).
   The order of St. Anthony of Vienna was instituted 1095, and possibly the church was built about this time.
   The " I " in the name has crept in in error.

A Dictionary of London. . 1918.

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