- The Holeburne
- Described by Stow as a "bourne that sometimes ranne downe Oldbourn hill." But there does not seem to be any authority for this statement, as to a burn or brook running down and giving its name to Holborn Hill.The name Holborn appears in Domesday as "Holeburne," i.e. the "brook in the hollow" from A.S. "hol" = "hollow," and was probably applied to the rivulet which entered the Thames as the Fleet, or rather to the northern portion of it which flowed through the neighbourhood of Clerkenwell.In the register of Clerkenwell nunnery Cott. Faust. B. ii. the lands of the nunnery are described as lying "juxta Holeburne in ripam Holeburne," while the garden of the hospitallers is "super Holeburne," indicating that the stream came down north and west from Clerkenwell to Holborn Bridge and not in an easterly direction down Holborn Hill.The form "Oldbourne" is one of Stow's gratuitous guesses, and rests on no authority whatever. Unfortunately he persisted in spelling the word throughout his work in accordance with his fancied etymology, instead of in the usual manner, with the result that his derivation of the word has, in the past, been very generally accepted.In later times this northern portion of the Fleet is referred to as Turnmill Brook (q.v.).See The Fleet.
A Dictionary of London. Henry A Harben. 1918.
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The Fleet — A river on the western side of London which entered the City in Farringdon Ward Without to the south of Chick Lane, and flowed thence south into the Thames. Stow identifies it with the River of Wells, as he calls the stream mentioned in a… … Dictionary of London
Holborn — 1) (Borough) One of the boroughs in the County of London, outside the City boundary, extending from Holborn Circus to Tottenham Court Road, north to St. Pancras parish, and south to the City of Westminster. The history of the borough and … Dictionary of London
Holborn Bars — Across Holborn, at its western end, at Gray s Inn Lane, being the western boundary of the City (Rocque, 1746). First mention: Bar of Holeburne, temp. H. III. (Anc. Deeds, B. 2386). Other names : Bar of the old Temple, 24 Ed. I. (Ch. I. p … Dictionary of London
Holborn Bridge — At the east end of Holborn Hill and north end of Fleet Market over the Fleet, at its junction with the Holborn, when the streams flowed openly through the City. Shown in maps : Leake, 1666 Strype, 1755. First mention: Bridge of Holeburne … Dictionary of London
Portpool — was a manor or soke in the district of Holborn, London. It is not recorded in the Domesday Book but references to it occur from the 12th century onwards. For many years it was owned by the Dean and Chapter of St Paul s Cathedral, who let it out… … Wikipedia
Shoe Lane — North out of Fleet Street to Charterhouse Street, west of Farringdon Street (P.O. Directory). In Farringdon Ward Without. First mention: Street called Sholand in parish of St. Andrew of Holeburne, 56 H. III. (Hust. Roll 4, No. iii).… … Dictionary of London
Scroop's Inn — On the north side of Holborn Hill, an inn of Serjeants, opposite St. Andrew s Church (S. 78 and 388). First mention: Grant to Sir Henry le Scrope of messuage in Holeburne between other messuages he had there, 18 Ed. III. (Hust. Roll 53,… … Dictionary of London
Portpool Street — Street of Purtepole in parish of St. Andrew Holeburne, H. III. (Anc. Deeds, B. 2192). Purtepol Street, 18 H. III. (ib. B. 2191). Street of Pourtepol without London, 1299 (MS. D. and C. St. Paul s, Press A. Box 24, No.629). Purtepole Street… … Dictionary of London
Kyngesditch — A messuage in parish of St. Andrew of Holeburne within the Bar formerly belonging to Wm. de Welleburne, canon of St. Paul s, in width between land of Robert, cook, and land of John de Kyrkeby, and in length from the highway to the ditch called … Dictionary of London