Lothbury


Lothbury
   West from Throgmorton Street, at No. 39, to 43 Coleman Street, on the north side of the Bank of England (P.O. Directory). In Broad Street and Coleman Street Wards.
   Earliest mention: "Lodebure," 1181-1203 (H. MSS. Com. 9th Rep. p. 15a).
   In another MS. belonging to the D. and C. St. Paul's (ib. p. 66), c. 1130, mention is made of "Terra Alberti Loteringi quam tenet Ranulfus canonicus in warda Haconis."
   From other entries in the MS. it is probable that this ward is to be identified with the ward of Broad Street, also called the Ward of Lotheberi, and it is not impossible that the name is derived from this Albert Loteringi who held property here. On the other hand the earliest form of the name is "Lodebure," "Lothebiri," while Lothyngebire is exceptional, as shown below.
   Other forms of name : "Lothebiri," 1232 (Cal. Charter Rolls, I. 168). "Lohdeber," 1241-52 (Anc. Deeds, A. 10391). "in Lothyngebire," 1275 (Ct. H.W. I. 20). "Lothebire," 1277-8 (Cal. L. Bk. B. 272). "Lutteburg," "Luttheburgh," 8 Ed. I. (Anc. Deeds, A. 178 and 540). (Identified with Lothbury in Calendar). "Lodingeberi," 1282 (Cal. L. Bk. A. 209-10), and 1293-4 (Ct. H.W. I. 113). "Lothebery," 1285 (ib. 74). "Lotheberi," 1294 (ib. 114). "Lodebure," 1295 (Cal. L. Bk. A. p. 193). "Lodebiri," 31 Ed. I. (Lib. Cust. I. 229). "Lothebiry," 1308 (Cal. L. Bk. B. p. 206). "Upon Lodebury," 1311-12 (Ct. H.W. I. 226). "Lothburi," 1312 (Ct. H.W. I. 234). "Lothebyri," 1318 (Cal. L. Bk. E. p. 85). "Lothebury," 1321 (Ct. H.W. I. 292). "Lodbyry," 1349 (ib. 608).
   According to Stow, it took its name "(as it seemeth) of Berie, or Court of olde time there kept, but by whom is growne out of memorie" (ib.), or of "Noise made by the Founders (who lived there in Stow's time) turning their works, loathsome to the passers by who were not used to it and by them disdainfully called Lothberie."
   This latter explanation cannot be regarded as satisfactory.
   It has also been suggested that the name is derived from the word "lode" = a cut or drain leading into a large stream, "Lothbury" leading over the Walbrook.
   "Lode" = a way, path, A.S. (ge)lad, a way, path, from "lidan" = to go (Mayhew and Skeat). "Lade" = a ford (Haliwell).
   Another and perhaps the most probable derivation is from the personal name "Lod," "Loda."
   The Roman remains found under the street have been as follows : Roman pavement found at a depth of 12 ft. (Arch. XVII. 141), and a tessellated pavement opposite Founders' Court (ib. XXVII. 147). Copper bowls also found during excavations for the erection of the London and Westminster Bank at a depth of about 10 ft. in wet, boggy soil (Arch. XIX. 367, and LX. 236).

A Dictionary of London. . 1918.

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