Newgate Gaol

   At the south-west corner of Newgate Street, at its junction with Old Bailey; in Farringdon Wards Within and Without (O.S. 1880).
   At first merely a prison over the Gate of Newgate, as at Ludgate.
   In 1241 Jews to be kept prisoners in Newgate.
   Mentioned 1278, Thomes the Clerk imprisoned in Newgate (Cal. L. Bk. B. p.274).
   Gaol to be pulled down and rebuilt, 1 H. VI. (Cal. L. Bk. K. p.19).
   Water brought to the prison 1432 (5.17).
   City Gaol for malefactors and also for the County of Middlesex, a large prison and very strong (Strype, Ed. 1720, I. iii. 194). Rebuilt 1770-83. Archt., George Dance. Improvements introduced 1838.
   Pulled down 1902 and Central Criminal Court (q.v.) erected on the site; opened 1905.

A Dictionary of London. . 1918.

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