- On the Thames, opposite Addle Hill (O. and M. 1677), now Nos. 12 and 13 Upper Thames Street (P.O. Directory). In Castle Baynard Ward.This was not the site of the original Castle, which lay further west, within what was afterwards the precinct of Blackfriars.Earliest mention: Stow tells us that the Castle was originally built by Baynard, a Nobleman who came over with William the Conqueror and died in the reign of William Rufus (S. 61 and 366). Possibly the Bainiard mentioned in Domesday Book as holding 3 hides of land in the Vill of St. Peter, of the Abbot of Westminster.The Castle seems to be alluded to by Fitz Stephen in 1170.Forfeited by Wm. Baynard 1111 and then given to Robert Fitz Richard, son of Gilbert de Clare, who was succeeded by Walter. Walter was succeeded by Robert Fitz Walter, and, according to Stow, the Castle remained in the same family for more than a century.In the "Annales Londoniensis," it is said to have been destroyed by King John, 1212 (p.9).In 1275 licence was granted to Robert Fitz Walter to sell Castle Baynard with the appurtenances in dykes, etc. (Cal. P.R. Ed. I. 1272-81, p. 98), and in 6 Ed. I. it was in the hands of the Archbishop of Canterbury (Ch. I. p.m.) and was granted by him to the King, 1278 (Cal. Fine Rolls, p. 95). In the same year the Friars Preachers obtained a grant of the site for the erection of their church, cloisters, etc. (Cal. Chart. Rolls. II. 211).After this time a second tower of Castle Baynard seems to have been erected further east, but by whom it is not easy to ascertain. In 1338 a grant was made to Wm. de Ros, of Hamelak, of a tower on the Thames by the place called "Chastel Baynard", which Edward II. caused to be built (Cal. P.R. 1338-40, p. 6). But no name is given to this tower. The site of this second Baynard's Castle is ascertained from a grant 31 H. VI. made to Edmund, Earl of Richemond of a house in London called " Baynardescastell" by Pollesquarfe, with all appurtenances, gardens and houses (Cal. P.R. H. VI. I452-61, p. 79).In 1461 the inn or tenement called "Baynardescastell" was granted to Cicely, duchess of York, the king's mother (ib. Ed. IV. 1461-7, p. 131).In 1536 the Castle was assured to the Duke of Richmond, 28 H. VIII. (L. and P. H. VIII. X. 460), and in 1540 the mansion or castle of Baynard, called Baynardes Castell, was granted to Anne of Cleeves in consideration of marriage (ib. XV. p. 52).In Stow's time (1603) it belonged to the Earl of Pembroke, and was supplied with water from the conduit in Blackfriars (H. MSS. Com. 7th Rep. 613, etc.).It was burnt down in the Fire of London and the remains converted into buildings and wharfs (Strype, ed. 1720, I. iii. 220).In 1670 one moiety of the site of the "mannar" of Baynard's Castle was demised to Henry and Edmund Pollexfen. The site was described as in the parishes of St. Andrew Wardrobe and St. Bennetts Paule's wharfe, and contained in length 205 ft. and in breadth on the north side 42 ft. and on the south side 40 ft., bounded on the west by a new street leading from Thames Street to Baynard's Castle Bridge, one half of the new street being included in the demise (L.C.C. deeds, Harben bequest, 1600-1700, No.195).Baynard's Castle Bridge = Baynard's Castle Wharf (q.v.).During excavations made in 1890, oaken piles were found, said to be Roman, and to have formed part of the Arx Palatina, which terminated the southern wall at this point (Journal Brit. Arch. Assoc. xlvi. 173-81).
A Dictionary of London. Henry A Harben. 1918.
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Baynard's Castle — in London was at various times a castle, house and palace. It existed on the same site, in the south west corner of the City of London, for 600 years from the time of the Norman Conquest until the Great Fire of London. The name is said to be from … Wikipedia
Baynard's Castle — Das Baynard s Castle war eine Festung in London, die im Laufe der Zeit zu einem Palast umgebaut wurde. König Wilhelm I. ließ sie nach der normannischen Invasion im Jahr 1066 errichten, um die Stadt vor Angriffen der Wikinger zu schützen und… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Baynard’s Castle — Das Baynard s Castle war eine Festung in London, die im Laufe der Zeit zu einem Palast umgebaut wurde. König Wilhelm I. ließ sie nach der normannischen Invasion im Jahr 1066 errichten, um die Stadt vor Angriffen der Wikinger zu schützen und… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Baynard's Castle Wharf — South out of Thames Street at Baynard s Castle, in Castle Baynard Ward (W. Stow, 1722). In the parish of St. Andrew Wardrobe and St. Bennetts, Paul s Wharf, part of and belonging to a place called Baynard s Castle, containing on the north side … Dictionary of London
Baynard's Castle Stairs — See Baynard s Castle Wharf … Dictionary of London
Baynard's Castle Lane — In Upper Thames Street (Strype, 1755 Boyle, 1799). Probably leading to the Wharf. Not named in the maps. Named after the Castle … Dictionary of London
Castle Baynard — infobox UK place official name= Ward of Castle Baynard map type= Greater London country= England region= London london borough= City of London latitude= 51.51307 longitude= 0.10471 os grid reference= TQ315811 post town= LONDON postcode area= EC… … Wikipedia
Castle Baynard Wharf — On the south side of Upper Thames Street at Nos. 12 and 13 (P.O. Directory). In Castle Baynard Ward. Shown in O.S. 1880. Named after Baynard s Castle (q.v.). It seems to be somewhat further east than the old Baynard s Castle Wharf… … Dictionary of London
Castle Street — 1) By Fleet Ditch (W. Stow, 1722). Qy. = Newcastle Street. 2) See Newcastle Street, Farringdon Street; also Furnival Street, Holborn. 3) South out of Upper Thames Street, in Castle Baynard Ward, west of Paul s Wharf (O. and M. 1677… … Dictionary of London
Castle Baynard Ward — One of the twenty six wards of the City of London, to the south. Bounded on the north and west by Farringdon Ward Within, east by Queenhithe and Bread Street Wards, and south by the Thames. First mention: Cal. Letter Book B. p. 257, 1275.… … Dictionary of London